Jacques Cheminade and Helga Zepp-Larouche (2005)
FROM FACTNET MEMBER “HECKER” ON ORIGINS OF LC IN EUROPE
Recently, the question was raised how the LC actually started in Europe. Since I was one of the first members (staying in the organization until the late 80ies), I thought I could provide you with my perspective on the beginning of the organization in Germany. However, since I didn’t take any notes at the time, everything is from memory with the possibility of uncertainty….
1969: I moved from Frankfurt (where I had finished my pre-clinical studies) back to Duesseldorf which hosted a pretty small Medical Academy. Working as a tutor in an anatomy course, I met Uwe Friesecke and Anno Hellenbroich who were then active in a group called “IKM”: Initiative Kritische Medizin. I joined this group (mainly Medical students) which held weekly meetings discussing mainly student and university policy issues such as: how to implement psychosomatic medicine and/or Medical Sociology into the regular curriculum etc. One member was Rainer Brenner who lived with his family in a dormitory where Ed Podhorn (who had come to Germany to avoid being drafted) and his wife Fren [Fran?] were his neighbors.
1970: The core group of the IKM decided to move together in order to intensify the political work; a house was found in the village Muenchrath and 11 people moved in: among them Hans Bandmann, Uwe F., Anno H., Rolf Pauls, Wolfgang Lillge (BTW the only one still being an active LC member, now located in Berlin), Hartmut Selle (a sociology student), and myself plus four others who never had anything to do with the LC (two of them were members of the DKP).
1971: After the Podhorns had returned to the US, they contacted Uwe Henke (alias von Parpart) who was Fren’s brother in law. Members in the Philadelphia area must help out here how it came about to expand the LC work to Europe! From the German end, I can only contribute, that Rainer Brenner one day received a postcard asking him to get in touch with some “comrades” in Cologne (the correct address missing…) He and Hans B. went to Cologne and really found the people they were supposed to meet: Gus, Nick and Yannis (American ex-members can probably describe how the connection of the LC to the Greek Epanastasi (?) came about!) Anyway, through this contact, lectures were set up, which later on were regularly given by Uwe vP and Webster Tarpley who both had moved to Germany and operated out of Hannover. I also remember that weekend seminars were held e.g. in the summer house of Uwe’s mother near/or in Hameln (Dave Goldmann, Richard Shulman, Nick and his wife Barbara come to mind having participated in such meetings).
Through personal contacts i.e. school mates, relatives, friends etc., within a couple of weeks/months three study groups were established in Germany: Mainz/Frankfurt = with Michael and Gabriele Liebig, Matthias Mletzko and Gabriele’s sister Lena, Harald Hermann, and I think pretty early on Carla Horn. Berlin= with Uwe F. and Anno H. (who had changed universities), Ortrun and Hartmut Cramer (who both were Medical students in Berlin), Wolfgang Lillge’s brother Hans, and Helga (whom Uwe and Anno met in some kind of Marxist seminar). Through a quite fishy guy in Frankfurt (Peter Spengler) a contact was made to Americans Deserters Movement in Sweden: names that come to mind are Jones, Gaddy, Engdahl (I am not sure about Bill, though). Also in France, we had pretty soon contacts; Laurent Murawiec, Philip Golub, etc. – but I am not familiar with this end of the expansion of the organization…Other people might add this part of the story.
1972: In the summer, the first German delegation was invited to New York: Hans B., Hartmut S., Uwe F., Rolf P., Wolfgang L. and I. We were placed at different apartments: e.g. Hans B. stayed with Bob Dillon, Lillge and I stayed at Lyn’s place in Morton Rd in the village while Lyn was in Europe (it took poor Shulman two days to clean up the place so that we could move in!!), and later on we were hosted by Leif and Sue Johnson near the Columbia University. I am very certain that Carol was in NYC in the summer of 1972 when Lyn returned from Europe, and I recollect very well that meeting at which Lyn publicly went after her…
Later in the year I moved out from Muenchrath and since I didn’t belong to the selected core of future leaders, I was spared from Lyn’s psycho sessions. I was still continuing my Medical studies and certainly was considered not to be 100 % political! (Only once I had passed the final exam, did I become a “full-timer” – in the Dortmund local).
1973: In early July the first ELC conference was held in a brewery in Duesseldorf without Lyn being there.
I attended the year end conference in NYC, witnessing the hysteric fits around the Chris White “affair” which have been described in this forum. Actually, I was in the apartment where Alice Weitzman was held in custody (near the GW Bridge) and even was assigned to keep an eye on Bill E. after he freaked out at the conference.
1974: I attended one of the self-defense courses in the US (I don’t exactly recall the time, but it must have been early in the year). The course was led by one of the Torres brothers, and we were shown how to cut throats, how to use guns, long sticks, and numchucks (spelling?) I recall that Muriel Mirak and Webster Tarpley, both a couple at the time, participated as well.
In April 1974, we started publishing New Solidarity in German, and one of its first editions had the articles in which Willy Brandt was attacked for being a Nazi. In this campaign we put out the famous poster showing Brandt in a SS uniform. Since I functioned as the responsible person vis-à-vis the German press law, I was sued by the SPD, and eventually sentenced to a fine. In order to prepare for the different trials (which also included Anno H. and Volker Hassmann), I moved to Wiesbaden where I worked at headquarters from then on. (One funny anecdote: we persuaded Joseph Beuys, one of the leading contemporary artists to write an expertise that the poster was a piece of “art”!! which didn’t impress the judges though…)
In Summer and Autumn, I gave self defense courses in the area near Frankfurt (however without weapons…) It was mentioned in this forum, that in Europe, the mop-up strategy was not an issue; we interrupted meetings of the youth organization of the SPD every week, but never ever used physical force. In the course of 1974, the whole self-defense stuff was stopped, and a security staff was established. Members of this staff entered local shooting clubs in order to legally get their hands on weapons. The inner course of the staff (to which I didn’t belong) received training courses in the US e.g. at Mitch Werbell’s farm. Roy Frankhouser showed up in Wiesbaden consulting in security issues. Around that time, I took shifts at Lyn’s place (Kaiser-Friedrich-Ring in Wiesbaden); and I remember very clearly having had massive doubts why we thought that a handful of amateurs could withstand any attack by professionals… But, apparently, the doubts were not strong enough to already leave the organization at that time.
The Federal Criminal Investigation Office (Bundeskriminalamt--BKA), with approximately 5,200 agents, operates nationwide from its headquarters in Wiesbaden since 1951. Similar in some respects to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, the BKA is a clearinghouse for criminal intelligence records. It provides assistance to Länder in forensic matters, research, and criminal investigations. It is also the national point of contact for the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol). The BKA enters cases only when requested by Land authorities, or in cases involving two or more Laender. The BKA is involved in combating various terrorist gangs, which have plagued the country since the 1960s.
The Larouche printshop in Germany was founded in 1979 by Larouche members Wolfgang Dinges, Helmut Frick, Ulrich von Scheibner, Carla Horn-Friesecke (wife of ex-Larouche leader Uwe Friesecke). They are still working there as "Manager/Director". The ownership and management structure haven't changed much since its creation.
Executive Intelligence Review; Electromagnetic-Effect Weapons: The Technology and the Strategic Implications, Wiesbaden, Germany. Dinges and Frick, February 1988.
Larouche's Dinges & Frick as BKA printers (2.7 Mb.). This dossier includes extracts of the BKA annual reports (facts and figures) from 2007 and 2008 printed by Dinges & Frick; and "How the BKA provided the "spin" for the Hessen Prosecutor's decision to not investigate Jeremiah Duggan's death (Wiesbadener Kurier, Nov. 11, 2003)" and "Lorscheid and Mueller's description in Deckname Schiller (1986) of the relationship of Dinges & Frick to the LaRouche organization." ( in German)
From Die Grune Gefahr (2.9 Mb. in German); Europaischen Arbeiterpartei; The Campaigner Publications; Oct. 1979.
BüSo (Bürgerrechtsbewegung Solidarität)
Deficit: 244 000 euros in 2006 and 303 000 euros in 2005, 283 000 euros in 2004 and 283 000 euros in 2003?
1974-89: "Parti Ouvrier Européen" (European Labor Party)
Their publishing compagny « Editions Alcuin » was created in November 1986, but most of their magazines/ newspapers/ letters were done in Wiesbaden, Germany. (Managers: François Bierre and Laurent Rosenfeld)
Through the "Editions Alcuin" the French Larouche organization managed to raise a lot more money (around € 600,000/year) and had a large new office (at rue d’Hauteville, Paris). All the staff of the Larouche activities was located there so Cheminade could run everything by himself.
1991-96: "Fédération pour une Nouvelle Solidarité" (FNS, Federation for a New Solidarity) was created.
After the 1995 presidential elections, their name changed (again) into "Solidarité et Progrès" (29 February 1996: S&P PDF in French, Solidarity and Progress). At that point, Cheminade didn't really want to carry on with the "Editions Alcuin". He wanted every one to be involved in his political movement only.
Approx. 2003, the activities of "Editions Alcuin" were split in two parts : 1) Pierre-Yves Guignard and Emmanuel Grenier were in charge of "Fusion" and the "Industrie & Environnement" newsletter. 2) Eric Sauzè (an old timer) became manager of the "Editions Alcuin" to keep raising money with the "Alerte Stratégique" and the "Washington Insider" newsletters from rich « clients » in Switzerland.
This series of FactNet posts provides the most detailed look at the early history of the NCLC from LaRouche‟s leaving the SWP in late 1965 to the major faction fight inside the organization in 1971. The files focus most on the early NCLC in two key cities, New York and Philadelphia. However there is some mention of the NCLC group in Baltimore as well as a detailed picture of the early European organization.
This series of FactNet posts examines the strange saga of Ekkehard Franke-Gricksch‟s publication CODE and its related organization – the Confederation of Organically Thinking Europeans -- and the entire network‟s links to the LaRouche Organization in Germany. The story of CODE is admittedly a complex one and the information posted here is possibly the most detailed exploration of CODE on the Internet, certainly in English. That fact noted, there are still many puzzles, a dilemma in part caused by the sheer difficulty of locating back issues of the publication.