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Mythologies

"...both the Platonics and Aristotelians adhered, for opposite reasons, to the doctrine of controlling the masses of people through mythologies. (...) A popularized mythology is like a goldfish bowl. No matter how cleverly the fish chooses his direction within the bowl, he can never escape it in such a fashion. No matter how cleverly he adapts to the environment of the bowl's medium (e.g., popular mythologies), whoever moves the bowl moves him in a corresponding direction." (1)


Benito Mussolini On Myth:
"We have created our myth. The myth is a faith, it is passion. It is not necessary that it shall be a reality. It is a reality by the fact that it is a good, a hope, a faith, that it is courage. Our myth is the Nation, our myth is the greatness of the Nation! And to this myth, to this grandeur, that we wish to translate into a complete reality, we subordinate all the rest."
 
Source: Mussolini's Italy (1935), Herman Finer, p. 218; quoted in Franklin Le Van Baumer, ed., Main Currents of Western Thought (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978), p.748.
 
"If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it." Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels.
 

"Neo Platonist" LaRouche's quote clearly proves he is intentionally using myths/mythologies to control people.
This concept of using "myth" to manipulate "crowds" was introduced in politics by Georges Sorel (1847-1922), a French syndicalist philosopher. With his "MYTH OF "PLATO v. ARISTOTLE" LaRouche has just done that with his "movement", transforming it from a "political sect" into a "political cult", a move very similar to a Mussolini's .
In his "Letter to Daniel Halevy" (2), Sorel explained his doctrine of the use of "social myth":

A true myth, said Sorel, does not aim to provide a rational conception of a future society but is a vision, a dream, a great emotional force that can inspire violent revolutionary activity. Such myths cannot be subjected to rational discussion. The function of a myth, above all, is mass inspiration: "the myths are not descriptions of things," Sorel wrote, "but determinations to act." (4)
He added:
I propose to call myths; the syndicalist "general strike" and Marx's catastrophic revolution are such myths. [...]
As long as there are no myths accepted by the masses, one may go on talking of revolts indefinitely, without ever provoking any revolutionary movement; this is what gives such importance to the general strike and renders it so odious to socialists who are afraid of a revolution.... [...]
A myth cannot be refuted, since it is, at bottom, identical with the conviction of a group, being the expression of these convictions in the language of movement; and it is, in consequence, unanalyzable into parts which could be placed on the plane of historical descriptions. A Utopia, on the other hand, can be discussed like any other social constitution... [...]
People who are living in this world of "myths," are secure from all refutation; this has led many to assert that Socialism is a kind of religion. For a long time people have been struck by the fact that religious convictions are unaffected by criticism, and from that they have concluded that everything which claims to be beyond science must be a religion. (2)

Sorel also argued that true socialism could only appear after a period of violent revolution at the hands of a disciplined proletariat.

Mussolini repeatedly acknowledged George Sorel as his master: "What I am, I owe to Sorel." And Sorel, in turn, called Mussolini "a man no less extraordinary than Lenin..." (3)
These two fundamental concepts; "violence" and "myth", are considered as Sorel's intellectual contribution to the creation of Fascism.
Socialist Mussolini realized that Marxist "Utopia" was not enough to seize power and he successfully endorsed Sorel's new concepts.
German Fascist (Nazi) ideologue Alfred Rosenberg published in 1930 "The Myth Of The 20th Century" defending the notion of the "myth of race" in History.


References:

1. THE SECRETS KNOWN ONLY TO THE INNER ELITES in THE CAMPAIGNER, May-June 1978
2. Letter to Daniel Halevy (1907) by Georges Sorel.
3. "The Myth of the Nation and the Vision of Revolution: The Origins of Ideological Polarisation in the Twentieth Century", Chap. 1, The Legacy of George Sorel - Marxism, violence, Fascism; by J. L. Talmon (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981)
4. Lecture 9 The Age of Anxiety: Europe in the 1920s (2)

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Page last modified on October 18, 2012, at 11:39 AM