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Indira Gandhi And "Population-control"

Indira Gandhi 's 'Population Emergency' policy :
8.3 million Indians were sterilized and 5,000 women died

By the 1970s, sterilization had become the most widely used method of contraception in the world, despite its irreversibility and history of coercive abuse.
Ethical concerns about sterilization were heightened in the mid-1970s, when the Indira Gandhi government selected this procedure as the primary means by which to reduce India's population growth. Very heavy-handed approaches were used in some areas of India that were clearly coercive.

Bill McKibben writes in 'What is True Development? The Kerala Model' that :

"To obtain recruits for the "vasectomy camps" erected throughout the country, the government withheld licenses for shops and vehicles, refused to grant food ration cards or supply canal water for irrigation, and in some cases simply sent the police to round up "volunteers." It worked, in a sense: In 1976, 8.3 million Indians were sterilized. But Indira Gandhi lost the next election largely as a result . . . " [1]

Moreover; Baobab Press says :

"At least five thousand people have died from sterilisations in India alone. Few dared to resist, because failure to comply with the sterilisation order could mean jail." [2]

It reports that :

"On Sunday, May 17, 1992, Cable News Network aired a feature on one of the most oppressive population policies that the U.S. government has ever helped to inspire. In the mid 1970s, the late president of India, Indira Gandhi, declared a "population emergency," and sent armed troops into the villages to seize men and surgically sterilise them.
A middle-aged man interviewed during the CNN broadcast recalled how he was accosted by the Indian population police and taken to a sterilisation camp where vasectomies -- surgical procedures that make males permanently incapable of producing children -- were performed on huge numbers of victims under the most unhealthful and humiliating conditions imaginable.
The CNN broadcast revealed how people in India were tricked into being sterilised with false offers of employment and other inducements. Few dared to resist, because failure to comply with a government sterilisation order could mean prison or even death.
Women were targeted, too. According to CNN, five thousand women have died from female sterilisation procedures performed as part of the internationally-funded population programme in India alone.
The sterilisation "emergency" was abandoned after the death of Gandhi in 1984, but intense resentment remains. And so do the coercive family planning campaigns -- with the help of the United States government. [...] " [2]
Sources:
[1] More of this article at: http://www.ashanet.org/Dbase/res-art-kerala.html
[2] Copyright 1992 U.S.A. ; Baobab Press/IIPFA at: http://www.africa2000.com/BNDX/bao217.htm
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Page last modified on March 01, 2009, at 02:33 AM